An Introduction The specialist services offered by the IVF clinic group include:
– In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) and Embryo Transfer (EH).
– Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for male factor infertility.
– Embryo freezing and storage
– Donor egg, donor embryo or donor sperm
– Support and counseling
– Other additional ART services
– Ovulation induction for women with no or irregular periods
– Artificial insemination with partner sperm or donor sperm
Other services for women – Reproductive hormone tests
– Pregnancy blood tests
– Gynecological Ultrasound scanning – Obstetric Ultrasound scanning
Other services for men – Comprehensive semen analyzes
– Reproductive hormone tests
– Sperm freezing and storage
– Testicular or epididimal extraction of sperm
– Sperm thawing and preparation for insemination
Services provided at IVF Clinic in Georgia
In Vitro Fertilization
Indications of IVF
Babies born as a result of IVF are often referred to as “test tube babies”. A woman’s egg and her partner’s sperm are placed together in a plastic dish in the hop that fertilization will occur. Plastic dishes are now used rather than a glass dishes. Important steps in this procedure are: – Stimulation of the ovaries to produce several ripe eggs – An aspiration of the eggs (oocytepuncture or pick up) – Preparation of the sperm sample – Fertilization of the eggs in the Laboratory (IVF or ICSI) and – Replacement one or two embryos in the uterus. IVF was originally devised to overcome infertility caused by blocked or absent fallopian tubes. Today IVF is used to treat many more reproductive problems. Including irregular ovulation, low sperm count of motility unexplained infertility, endometrioses, and immunological infertility. Depends on a woman’s age, anywhere between 1 and 30 follicles, knew as “recraits”, will begin to develop in each menstrual cycle. Whether her age though, only one of these developing follicles will dominate and ovulate at the level of the hormone FSH that woman produces naturally. With IVF, the goal in to keep the level of FSH constant and thus to encourage more at the recruits to develop mature eggs, which are collected surgically under vaginal Ultrasound guidance. The eggs are then fertilized in the laboratory, cultured for several days and then one or rarely two or three embryos are transferred back to into the woman’s uterus. If there are additional embryos, they may be frozen and stored for later use. This procedure is best performed under a light anesthetic. The male partner usually would produce his sperm on the same day although depending on the individual circumstances sperm can be kept frozen at the clinic. ICSI More than million babies have been born as a result of ICSI. The first human pregnancy with ICSI was reported in 1992. Intra-cytoplasmic injection Commonly refers to as ICSI; it evolves the insertion of a single selected sperm directly into cytoplasm a mature egg, bypassing all the preliminary steps of sperm binding. The procedure overcomes many barriers to fertilization including failed fertilization from repeated use of conventional IVF and severe male factor infertility, very low sperm counts and/or motility, high number of morphologically abnormal sperm, utilization of surgically retrieved sperm, frozen sperm when limited in number and quality.